PAGE 19 ©2017 THE RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER OFFICE | FAYETTEVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY Medical Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease (AIDS) Research & Treatment HIV and AIDS continue to plague the nation and the world. HIV/AIDS rates are especially high in minority communities. Fayetteville State University has undertaken several multiyear National Institutes of Health funded HIV and AIDS research and education programs, aimed to decrease the infection rates and to treat the infected. Dr. Maurice Mongkuo, a Professor of Political Science in the Department of Government and History heads the “Minority Serving Institutions Partnership with Community-Based Organizations (CBOs)” program. The goals of the project are to: provide SA, HIV, and HVC awareness to statistically high-risk populations: African American, Hispanics/Latino, Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AA/PI) in young adults (ages 18-24) in Cumberland County, North Carolina. The project provides comprehensive integrated substance abuse (SA), HCV, and HIV prevention strategies, including education & awareness programs, social marketing campaigns, along with testing services. The goals of the project are to: prevent SA, HIV and HVC infection and at-risk persons; interrupt HIV transmission through prompt diagnosis, and adequate counseling and treatment; ensure access to high-quality, culturally appropriate services and key messages for our at-risk focus populations; monitor infections in the population of interest; ensure that healthcare system maintain patient confidentiality, manage and reduce stigma associated with SA, HIV and HCV to those accessing services and to those providing them; increase access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV; reduce HIV-related disparities and health inequities; and achieve a coordinated national response to the HIV epidemic through intensive research and education. Dr. Karen McElrath of the Department of Criminal Justice heads the “Integrated multilevel HIV prevention program for African-American Young Adults.” The purpose of the project is to implement a multilevel approach to HIV prevention that includes individual-, group-, community-, and structural-level interventions. Reducing risk of HIV infection is a major component of HIV prevention. The comprehensive project involves a strategy that addresses 1) increased access to and use of condoms, 2) decreased substance use, and 3) increased HIV testing, along with community analysis. This strategy is delivered alongside an approach that will develop new and strengthen existing referral mechanisms to provide a strong comprehensive system of care. The research and education team is multidisciplinary and culturally diverse. The goal is prevention geared for African-Americans aged 18-24 who attend a historically black college or reside in surrounding communities. It primarily addresses risk behaviors (namely unprotected sex and substance use that contributes to sexual risk taking) for HIV/HCV transmission among two groups: 1) men who have sex with men, and 2) heterosexual females. It seeks to encourage HIV testing among young adults through the implementation of a multilevel prevention strategy that incorporates interventions at the individual, group, and community levels. Peer health educators on campus will promote condom use and encourage students to undergo testing for HIV. This is a comprehensive care system for young African-American adults who experience problems with substance abuse, who are HIV negative but at high risk for transmission, or who are HIV positive and in need of treatment and support.